Blog : BOARD TALK
|Posted on April 28, 2017 at 1:40 PM|
Corporate culture, M&A and sustainability are all in the spotlight at today's Bayer AGM.
Hermes Investment Management is drawing attention to its "wide-ranging sustainability-related concenrs about the pending acquisition by Bayer, the German life science company, of Monsanto, the US agricultural company best-known for genetic modification."
"Mergers can often have a negative impact on the overall value of a company, with the process complicated further should they have different corporate cultures, like that of Bayer and Monsanto" says Dr Hans-Christoph Hirt, Head of Hermes EOS,
"Bayer’s ambition to become a ‘global leader in agriculture’ comes with great responsibility. The combined entity would control a significant share of both the agrochemicals market and the global seeds market. This is against the backdrop of rapid and extensive consolidation across the agribusiness industry.
The acquisition of Monsanto is likely to increase Bayer’s product-related and reputational risks; perhaps most notably through their increased exposure to Monsanto’s Genetically Modified seeds. Other sustainability concerns include the implications for food security, the livelihood of smallholder farmers and biodiversity." says Hermes in an engagement note.
Therefore, it argues, investors will need to hold Bayer to its ‘deep commitment to innovation and sustainable agriculture practices’.
It also points out that the combination of increased product risk and lobbying power will demand that Bayer increase its level of transparency.
"It is our view that enhanced disclosure of lobbying activities, inclusive of how the company engages with regulators and what issues it engages on would be well received" says Dr Hirt.
This merger has wider implications in the context of German law and corporate governance, it suggests.
"Against the backdrop of the empirical evidence, the transformative nature of the pending acquisition raises once again the question whether, and in what circumstances, shareholders should have the right to vote on major transactions in Germany.
Under German corporate law, the responsibility for approving such transactions generally rests with the supervisory board. While transactions can be presented to shareholders for approval voluntarily, companies are reluctant to do so due to the risks of legal challenges to resolutions passed at shareholder meetings. "A vote on the Monsanto deal under the current legal framework could create significant uncertainty and risks" says Hermes.
"Therefore, it is critical for investors to ensure an optimal composition of the supervisory board. Moreover, investors in the German market need to pay closer heed to capital authorisations. Bayer was able to take the deal forward because of investor support in the past. In light of this, we have tightened our German Corporate Governance Principles. We are not supportive of capital issuance authorisations, which allow management to issue more than 20% of the outstanding share capital with pre-emption rights, unless the company provides a compelling rationale" says Hermes.
Its experience in other markets, most notably the UK, "suggests that there is value in requiring companies to seek approval from shareholders for major transactions. This requirement forces management to make the case for a major transaction to investors and other stakeholders and as such introduces a useful discipline not least with regard to any premium paid for an acquisition. "
Hermes says it would "welcome a review of the relevant German laws and regulation in this regard."